Human beings are amazing creatures! Did you know that we receive signals through our senses? Then we perceive them, and lastly, we categorize those things, so, whatever we see, touch, hear, taste, and smell, will have its own space in our brains.
But what happens when there is a sensory disorder, and we are no longer able to identify those things we are feeling or the situations we are going through? Then, there are plenty of problems when trying to interpret what is going on, and, as a result, we could end up having problems whenever we try to interact with others, our relationships become difficult, and our behavior is unpredictable.
Now can you imagine what a child goes through when they have a sensory processing disorder? Sometimes children won’t even be able to regulate their emotions because they simply do not know how to do it. Or perhaps their self-esteem may be at an all-time low or they are probably experiencing difficulties when learning at school (and even at home).
What are the types of sensory disorders
Typically, we humans are able to perceive the environment they are in through the use of five senses: touch, sight, taste, smell, and sound. The types of sensory disorders involve each one of those senses. In addition, occupational therapists have added three other kinds of senses, which are:
- Interoception is the ability to identify what is going on inside of one’s body. So, a child can understand when they are feeling hungry, cold, etc.
- Body position is also referred to as the proprioceptive sense (and other times referred to as kinaesthesia), is the ability to perceive one’s movement and body position.
- Movement is also referred to as the vestibular sense and is the ability to have a bodily balance and spatial orientation.
How could children be identical and unique when they have a sensory disorder?
Think about it this way: there are eight types of senses, and they all have the same meaning behind them; thus, if two children have a sensory disorder that involves not being able to smell something, then they are both having an identical trait or issue.
On the other hand, they are also unique in their own way because one child may not be able to smell citrus fruits, whereas the other child may not be able to smell anything sweet. They are both presenting a similar output, but they also differ on the spectrum.
So, there are children who can have panic attacks whenever they hear something loud, and this could potentially affect how the rest of the day goes for them. And other children cannot wear certain types of fabrics or clothing because they feel like its painful or uncomfortable to wear them. Or perhaps children are sensitive to the texture of certain foods!
Sensory disorders offer a valuable glimpse into how the mind, body, and soul of children (and adults alike!) work. They also show us how each one of us is unique in our own ways, even if we have the same condition as someone else.