An early diagnosis is beneficial to both, individual as well as the specialist since it provides ample time to the specialist to diagnose and put intervention strategies in place.
When speaking to AutisMag, Fuad Alkoot – PAAET, Kuwait along with Abdullah Alagallaf, Kuwait University highlighted the fact that, unlike other diseases where ample amount of research has already been done and documented, Autism Research is still in its evolving phase.
The two researchers pointed out that in diseases such as cancer and hepatitis, where studies and researches have been carried out at a macro level, significant technological advancements have been made in recent years.
A study, of similar level, is required in the field of autism to benefit to uplift the lives of millions of families in a global scale.
It must, however, be noted that many Autism tests and diagnostic methods have been proposed that could help in tracking when and how an individual acquires autism.
Revelations in Recent Study
A study is being carried out by Journal of the American Medical Association, popularly known as JAMA.
The study aims at combing the two recently introduced technologies in the field of genetic testing (chromosomal microarray analysis and whole-exome sequencing).
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This would help scientists in identifying genetic mutations which could help in establishing the link to Autism Spectrum Disorder. The study could further establish a link in children who tend to have similar traits of autism to undergo genetic mutation.
In a group of children, 24 of them were subjected to molecular diagnosis tests from CMA (chromosomal microarray analysis) and other 8 were subjected to WES (whole-exome sequencing).
The resulting yields were different between the two groups. Few children were subjected to both the tests, as in, WES and CMA testing.
The clinical yield was found to vary substantially for children who were already on the spectrum. Youngsters with ASD had more complexities based on their physical examinations.
These studies could help in decoding the many anomalies in individuals diagnosed with ASD and further aid researchers in understanding the genes related to the disorder.
It is also a well-known fact, the autism symptoms in an individual on the spectrum change with time, i.e they tend to increase when the individual grows with age.
The team highlighted the importance of deeper studies and research since these could aid grown-up individuals, with more treatment options if an earlier diagnosis has been carried out.
Clinicians could adopt a more agile and proactive treatment option if few uncertain symptoms are identified in an early stage and necessary diagnosis performed.
A more informed understanding of ASD and a deeper research into the subject could explain how the mixture of environment combined with genetic factors get involves when the individual starts to fall on the spectrum.
As per the reports, if such a deeper introspection and studies carried out, a behavioral symptom can be identified and detected even before they tend to appear.
It will help in enabling the specialist in identifying whether the subject is about to develop symptoms of autism and if there could be any possible inhibitors.