The latest study indicates that one-third of autistic people might be lacking a crucial protein for the proper functioning of the brain.
The latest discovery could pave the way for newer treatments among individuals on the spectrum. ASD disorder affects individuals in terms of genetic factors, as well as hindering their communicative abilities.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention describes the disorder as “Developmental disabilities that cause an individual significant communication, behavioral and social challenges.”
Autistic individuals learn and relate to other people in a unique way. They are different than their regular peers and this is one of the major reasons for their unusual behavior.
Autism symptoms range from mild to severe and an individual can end up being either highly gifted or severely challenged.
At times, the condition is seen to affect individuals on severe grounds leaving them at the mercy of others for support in their daily lives. On the other hand, some individuals might have less visible symptoms.
The statistics highlight 1 in 68 children are on the spectrum in the USA alone. These numbers increase beyond reasonable imagination on the global level.
Although early diagnosis has been in place for children less than 2 years of age, many are seen to not be diagnosed until they are 4 years old. Further, the roots of autism symptoms remain unclear, even though note-worthy research has been carried out in the field.
Genetic factors, too, have been observed to play a crucial role in an individual being autistic.
Can Lowered Protein Levels Be a Cause for Triggering Behavioral Changes?
Researchers from the University of Toronto, Ontario are hopeful to understand autism diagnoses in a majority of the cases post-discovery of a specific protein.
The team is hopeful this could be a crucial key to gaining further understanding about the symptoms.
A look at some of the existing facts about the Autism Spectrum Disorder:
- In the USA, 1 to 2 percent of the entire population are believed to be on the spectrum.
- Out of these, 44 percent of autistic people are seen to be gifted with higher intellectual ability.
- Individuals who plan to have kids at an older age are seen to have autistic kids.
The team is hopeful for potential new therapies that can come out of the discovery of the protein.
Professor Benjamin Blencowe and Professor Sabine Cordes were the brains behind the success of the study.
Professor Benjamin is from the University of Toronto while Professor Sabine leads the department of molecular genetics at the Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute.
The scientists successfully demonstrated that lower levels of nSR100 and SRRM4 proteins play a greater role in hampering brain development.
To have a better understanding, the team altered the level of proteins in the brains of mice. As expected, the mice were seen to display autism signs post-surgical modification. They were seen to become more prone to noise and were observed to avoid social interactions.
These important findings showcase the influence of proteins and their roles in modifying behaviors of autistic individuals.